How to patch the Ajax Control Toolkit Calendar Extender control to show a Day, Month, MonthYearDecade, Quarter, YearDecade and Decade view

In this series of educational articles, I am demonstrating how you might enhance the Calendar Extender control found in the publicly available Ajax Control Toolkit. All code here is an extension of my previous work, first of which was to enhance the Ajax Control Toolkit Calendar Extender so that it could be better utilised to select a birthdate. It introduced the decade view, and also allowed the setting of a initial view of the control, which can be Day, Month, Year and Decade. That article is available here: https://tonesdotnetblog.wordpress.com/2009/04/15/how-to-patch-the-ajax-control-toolkit-calendarextender-to-add-decade-support-and-initialview-part-1/

Secondly, I enhanced the calendar extender control so that it showed a quarter, and quarter/year/decade view. That article is available here: https://tonesdotnetblog.wordpress.com/2009/04/17/how-to-patch-the-ajax-control-toolkit-calendar-extender-control-to-show-a-quarter-view/

You can download the code for the latest version (20820) of the Ajax Control Toolkit from here: http://www.codeplex.com/AjaxControlToolkit.

My enhanced decade, initial view and quarter view source code can be found here: http://cid-5e237543fffb2891.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/Public/AjaxControlToolkit-DecadeQuarterInitialView.zip This enhancement is an extension of that control, so you’ll need to download that code to start this exercise.

All code here is published under the Microsoft Public Licence, found here: http://ajaxcontroltoolkit.codeplex.com/license

What we are trying to achieve:

As long as computers have been around, there have been scenarios where selecting a date, a month, a year or some other timeframe has been necessary.  Zhi-Qiang Ni, from Microsoft, wrote a modification to display a month view of the control, so that a month and year can be selected using the Ajax Control Toolkit. I have implemented Zhi-Qiang’s version, which may be found here: https://tonesdotnetblog.wordpress.com/2009/04/21/how-to-create-a-month-view-with-the-ajax-control-toolkit-calendar-extender-control/

In this situtation, I extend my existing enhancement to select a month, or a month and a year, or a year or even a decade. I have also added a few extra modes, where I hide the title and today bar under certain conditions, for example when you want the user to select a month only.

Selection of a Decade:

Decade View in the Ajax Control Toolkit Calendar Extender control

Decade View in the Ajax Control Toolkit Calendar Extender control

Selection of a Month:

Month Selection

Month Selection

Selection of a Month and Year:

Month Year Selection

Month Year Selection

The code:

Ok, the first thing to do is to modify the already existing CalendarView class, found in the Calendar folder in the Ajax Control Toolkit source code. I added this class in the previous article, which enhanced the Calendar Extender to show a quarter view. I will be using tags S4/E4 for this enhancement. Any other tags are from previous enhancements and should only be changed if it is required by S4.

Original code:


//S3 - Add Calendar View so that you can choose the calendar view for your date selection.
//Choosing a calendar view will close the calendar at the bottom view and return the selected date/value

namespace AjaxControlToolkit
{
    /// <summary>
    /// The calendar view of the calendar
    /// </summary>
    public enum CalendarView
    {
        DayMonthYearDecade = 0,   //the default view.
        Quarter = 1,              //shows Quarter selection but not Year or Decade.
        QuarterYearDecade = 2   //shows Quarter Year Decade.
    }
}
//E3

Modified code:


//S3 - Add Calendar View so that you can choose the calendar view for your date selection.
//Choosing a calendar view will close the calendar at the bottom view and return the selected date/value

namespace AjaxControlToolkit
{
    /// <summary>
    /// The calendar view of the calendar
    /// </summary>
    public enum CalendarView
    {
        DayMonthYearDecade = 0,   //the default view.
        Quarter = 1,              //shows Quarter selection but not Year or Decade.
//S4 - add in Month, MonthYearDecade, YearDecade and Decade views
//        QuarterYearDecade = 2   //shows Quarter Year Decade.
        QuarterYearDecade = 2,    //shows Quarter Year Decade.
        Month = 3,                //shows Month only.
        MonthYearDecade = 4,      //shows Month Year Decade.
        YearDecade = 5,           //shows Year Decade
        Decade = 6                //shows Decade only
//E4
    }
}
//E3

 Next, we need to make the changes to the enumeration within the javascript to support the new values. In the CalendarBehavior.js file, make the following changes to bring the two into line. The code is found at the bottom of the CalendarBehavior.js file.

Original code:

AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.prototype = {
    DayMonthYearDecade: 0,
    Quarter: 1,
    QuarterYearDecade: 2
}

Modified code:

AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.prototype = {
    DayMonthYearDecade: 0,
    Quarter: 1,
    //S4 add variables to be consistent with server side code
    //    QuarterYearDecade: 2
    QuarterYearDecade: 2,
    Month: 3,
    MonthYearDecade: 4,
    YearDecade: 5,
    Decade: 6
    //E4
}

Within the “show” function, we need to introduce new entry points for these views. Below the case statement within show for switching modes for QuarterYearDecade, add the following lines of code, which handle initial view for each of the types, and also switch to the correct modes based on the selected calendar view.

New code:

//S4 introduce new entry points                      
case AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Month:
    this._switchMode("months", true);
    break;
case AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.MonthYearDecade:
    if (this._selectedDate == null) {
        switch (_initialView) {
            //case AjaxControlToolkit.InitialView.Quarter:     
            //    this._switchMode("quarters", true);     
            //    break;     
            case AjaxControlToolkit.InitialView.Year:
                this._switchMode("years", true);
                break;
            case AjaxControlToolkit.InitialView.Decade:
                this._switchMode("decades", true);
                break;
            default:
                this._switchMode("months", true);
                break;
        }
    }
    else {
        this._switchMode("months", true);
    }
    break;
case AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.YearDecade:
    if (this._selectedDate == null && _initialView == AjaxControlToolkit.InitialView.Decade) {
        this._switchMode("decades", true);
    }
    else {
        this._switchMode("years", true);
    }
    break;
case AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Decade:
    this._switchMode("decades", true);
    break;
//E4                         

Now we want to hide the title display if the mode is Month. The title allows us to show the year and we don’t want that for month only view.

 Original code:

//S3 Where we don't want the title to display, we simply hide it
//this is only the case if you only want to select a value at the current mode
        if (this._calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Quarter)
            this._header.style.display = 'none';
//E3

 Modified code:

//S3 Where we don't want the title to display, we simply hide it
//this is only the case if you only want to select a value at the current mode
//S4 hide for Month and Quarter only selection. Year allows clicking decade view, I haven't created
//a year only view and you'll need to switch between decades
//        if (this._calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Quarter)
//            this._header.style.display = 'none';
if ((this._calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Quarter)
    || (this._calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Month))
    this._header.style.display = 'none';
//E4
//E3

Finally, in the _cell_onclick, modify the code to return the date on cell selection. This needs to happen if the mode is “month” and the CalendarView is set to a month type, the mode is “year” and the CalendarView is a year type, or the mode is “decade” and the CalendarView is a decade type. I refactored this code in Zhi-Qiang’s example, and now I’ve had to refactor it again because of all the extra modes added.

Original code:

_cell_onclick: function(e) {
    /// <summary>
    /// Handles the click event of a cell
    /// </summary>
    ///
<param name="e" type="Sys.UI.DomEvent">The arguments for the event</param>

    e.stopPropagation();
    e.preventDefault();

    if (!this._enabled) return;

    var target = e.target;
    var visibleDate = this._getEffectiveVisibleDate();
    Sys.UI.DomElement.removeCssClass(target.parentNode, "ajax__calendar_hover");

    //S3 - now to return the date. If the CalendarView is Quarter or QuarterYear and the mode returned is
    //quarter then select the date, close the calendar and return
    var calendarView = this.get_calendarView();
    if (target.mode == "quarter" && (calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Quarter
      || calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.QuarterYearDecade)) {
    {
        this.set_selectedDate(target.date);
        this._blur.post(true);
        this.raiseDateSelectionChanged();
        return;
    }
    //E3

Modified code:

_cell_onclick: function(e) {
    /// <summary>
    /// Handles the click event of a cell
    /// </summary>
    ///
<param name="e" type="Sys.UI.DomEvent">The arguments for the event</param>
    e.stopPropagation();
    e.preventDefault();
    if (!this._enabled) return;
    var target = e.target;
    var visibleDate = this._getEffectiveVisibleDate();
    Sys.UI.DomElement.removeCssClass(target.parentNode, "ajax__calendar_hover");
    var calendarView = this.get_calendarView();
    //S4 introduce new modes selected. Returns when the mode and view matches
    if ((target.mode == "quarter" && (calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Quarter
                                   || calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.QuarterYearDecade))
      || (target.mode == "month" && (calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Month
                                  || calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.MonthYearDecade))
      || (target.mode == "year" && (calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.YearDecade))
      || (target.mode == "decade" && (calendarView == AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Decade))
      || (target.mode == "today")
      || (target.mode == "day")
       ) {
        this._closeCalendar(target);
        return;
    }
    switch (target.mode) {
        case "month":
            if (target.month != visibleDate.getMonth()) {
                this._visibleDate = target.date;
            }
            this._switchMode("days");
            break;
        case "year":
            if (calendarView != AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.QuarterYearDecade
            && calendarView != AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarView.Quarter) {
                if (target.date.getFullYear() != visibleDate.getFullYear()) {
                    this._visibleDate = target.date;
                }
                this._switchMode("months");
            }
            else {
                if (target.date.getFullYear() != visibleDate.getFullYear()) {
                    this._visibleDate = target.date;
                }
                this._switchMode("quarters");
            }
            break;
        case "decade":
            if (target.date.getFullYear() != visibleDate.getFullYear()) {
                this._visibleDate = target.date;
            }
            this._switchMode("years");
            break;
        case "prev":
        case "next":
            this._switchMonth(target.date);
            break;
        case "title":
            switch (this._mode) {
                case "days": this._switchMode("months"); break;
                case "months": this._switchMode("years"); break;
                case "years": this._switchMode("decades"); break;
                case "quarters": this._switchMode("years"); break;
            }
            break;
    }
    //E4
},
//S4 - I introduced the _closeCalendar function to separate out the functionality for when the calendar closes.
//This was beneficial when determining how to refactor the code as I could then see what was common and what was not.
_closeCalendar: function(target) {
    this.set_selectedDate(target.date);
    this._blur.post(true);
    this.raiseDateSelectionChanged();
    return;
},
//E4

And that’s it! With only a handful of additional lines of code, there are now many more views that you can choose from. Note that I have also refactored the dispose code. There was a lot of repetition in the code, so I decided to make a method to do all the repeated work and call that to dispose of each of the views. That now looks like the following:

//E4 – refactor dispose code to remove repetition 
dispose: function() {
    ///

    /// Disposes this behavior’s resources
    ///

    if (this._popupBehavior) {
        this._popupBehavior.dispose();
        this._popupBehavior = null;
    }
    this._modes = null;
    this._modeOrder = null;
    if (this._modeChangeMoveTopOrLeftAnimation) {
        this._modeChangeMoveTopOrLeftAnimation.dispose();
        this._modeChangeMoveTopOrLeftAnimation = null;
    }
    if (this._modeChangeMoveBottomOrRightAnimation) {
        this._modeChangeMoveBottomOrRightAnimation.dispose();
        this._modeChangeMoveBottomOrRightAnimation = null;
    }
    if (this._modeChangeAnimation) {
        this._modeChangeAnimation.dispose();
        this._modeChangeAnimation = null;
    }
    if (this._container) {
        if (this._container.parentNode) { // added this check before calling removeChild WI: 8486
            this._container.parentNode.removeChild(this._container);
        }
        this._container = null;
    }
    if (this._popupDiv) {
        $common.removeHandlers(this._popupDiv, this._popup$delegates);
        this._popupDiv = null;
    }
    if (this._prevArrow) {
        $common.removeHandlers(this._prevArrow, this._cell$delegates);
        this._prevArrow = null;
    }
    if (this._nextArrow) {
        $common.removeHandlers(this._nextArrow, this._cell$delegates);
        this._nextArrow = null;
    }
    if (this._title) {
        $common.removeHandlers(this._title, this._cell$delegates);
        this._title = null;
    }
    if (this._today) {
        $common.removeHandlers(this._today, this._cell$delegates);
        this._today = null;
    }
    if (this._button) {
        $common.removeHandlers(this._button, this._button$delegates);
        this._button = null;
    }

   // disposeView is a new method I created to do all the work of cleaning up each view. Further refactoring of this method
// is possible.
    this.disposeView(this._daysBody);
    this.disposeView(this._monthsBody);
    this.disposeView(this._yearsBody);
    this.disposeView(this._decadesBody);
    this.disposeView(this._quartersBody);
    var elt = this.get_element();
    $common.removeHandlers(elt, this._element$delegates);
    AjaxControlToolkit.CalendarBehavior.callBaseMethod(this, “dispose”);
},
disposeView: function(viewBody) {
    if (viewBody) {
        for (var i = 0; i < viewBody.rows.length; i++) {             var row = viewBody.rows[i];             for (var j = 0; j < row.cells.length; j++) {                 $common.removeHandlers(row.cells[j].firstChild, this._cell$delegates);             }         }         viewBody = null;     } }, //E4 [/sourcecode] If you ran into trouble and need to have a look at the source code, it can be found here: AjaxControlToolkit-Framework3.5SP1withDecadeYearQuarterMonthDayandInitialView.zip

Still to go, I believe I have figured out a way to add date restriction to the component. It might take me a few days to figure this out, but I should be able to do it.

Edit: I just put in a fix to the _isSelected function in the CalendarBehavior.js file. I had misread the original code which allowed the date to return a true in the wrong case. This caused the selected date square to potentially be around more than one date on the calendar view. The zip file above now has the corrected code.

2 Responses to How to patch the Ajax Control Toolkit Calendar Extender control to show a Day, Month, MonthYearDecade, Quarter, YearDecade and Decade view

  1. […] Edit2: I have just finished recreating the Ajax Control Toolkit Calendar Extender modifications from scratch, without looking at my previous code or article. That article may be found here: https://tonesdotnetblog.wordpress.com/2009/04/23/how-to-patch-the-ajax-control-toolkit-calendar-exten… […]

  2. […] How to patch the Ajax Control Toolkit Calendar Extender control to show a Day, Month, MonthYearDecad… […]

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